|Pollution: Real Cost of Road Pollution Sept 2017||Air pollution doesn't just look and smell bad. It kills. And it costs megabucks. We all know that high blood pressure, smoking, high blood sugar, and cholesterol are big risk factors for premature death. But air pollution is right behind them — it's killer number five.||Pollution|
|Pollution: How dangerous is road rubber? Sept 2017||A busy road with 25,000 vehicles travelling on it each day will generate around nine kilograms of tyre dust per kilometre.||Pollution|
|LR A Commuter pollution study: CARB USA August 2017||Light rail commutes had the lowest average exposure per mile for all measured pollutants, and car trips experienced marginally higher per mile exposure, whereas train commutes with older diesel technologies experienced the largest exposure per mile of all of the motorized transportation commute modes. The study also offers advice for reducing exposure to air pollution during commute trips:||Pollution|
|Pollution : TramForward is disappointed with Government 2 Aug 2017||TramForward is disappointed with the recently announced Government air quality policy as it deals only with the reduction of nitrogen dioxide pollution from vehicle exhausts. Nitrogen dioxide is only part of the problem, particulate matter is also extremely damaging to health. While the proposed measures may well cut down particulate as well as nitrogen dioxide emissions, they will do nothing to tackle the other major source of particulate pollution, which is wear of tyres, brake linings and road surfaces. This has been dubbed the “Oslo effect” after the city where the problem was first identified.||Pollution|
|Pollution:Air Quality at the Heart of Election Press Release All Party Parliamentary Light Rail Group April 2017||“The quality of our air should be a political priority as it has a huge impact on the health of the nation. That is why we are calling on every party to have in their manifesto, a commitment to improving air quality. That is even more important now that we are going to see the Government’s defeat in Court before the election. They will have to defend their policy and parties can have a genuine debate about how to tackle such a large public health issue.”||Pollution|
|Pollution: Client Earth Judgement 27 April 2017||The UK Government has failed in its attempt to delay publication of its air quality plans until after the General Election. Mr Justice Garnham today ordered the government to produce the plans after the local elections on 9th May. The final plans must be produced by 31 July.||Pollution|
|Pollution:Trams, the Urban Air Quality Solution||Light Rail systems offer an attractive and effective system, reducing congestion and pollution by offering motorists an alternative to car use, Manchester Metrolink registered a modal switch approaching 32%, helping to create pollution-free zones in cities (clear zones).||Pollution|
|Pollution:Four Select Committees call for Air Quality Evidence||MP’s from four select committees have combined forces to launch an unprecedented joint inquiry on air quality to scrutinise cross-government plans to tackle urban pollution hotspots. The Environmental Audit Committee, Environment Food and Rural Affairs, Health, and Transport Committees will hold four evidence sessions to consider mounting scientific evidence on the health and environmental impacts of outdoor air pollution.||Pollution|
|Pollution: LRTA warns of Pollution dangers||The Light Rail Transit Association notes the recent EU final warning and threat of heavy fines against five countries, including the UK, on air quality breaches. 1 This concerns Nitrogen dioxide emissions, which is largely from vehicle exhausts. However, a worrying source of equally harmful PM10 and PM2.5 pollutants has recently been identified. It has generally been assumed that most vehicle pollution comes from the tail pipe and by cleaning up engines or moving to electric vehicles that can be cut. 2 Research has shown that up to 90% of harmful PM2.5 and 85% of PM10A pollution come from non-exhaust sources such as tyre wear, road surface wear, and the brakes. This is known as the Oslo effect after the city where it was first noted 3. Unfortunately, electric vehicles can be up to 40% heavier so even more of these harmful particles are emitted from the tyres.||Pollution|
|Pollution: Oslo Effect 2 2017||Oslo Effect 2 How air pollution harms your health, (An update to the original Oslo Effect report of 1988)||Pollution|
|Pollution:Dementia risk in Transport Corridors Jan 2017||a new study tracking 6.6 million people estimates effect on one in 10 cases of Alzheimer’s while those living by busy roads are 12% more likely to be diagnosed with dementia Living near busy traffic may increase the likelihood of dementia, according to a new study||Pollution|
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