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Pollution; Children Vulnerable: WHO Study Oct 2018The WHO study found that children are particularly vulnerable to air pollution because pollutants are often more concentrated nearer to ground level. It added that their developing organs and nervous system are also more susceptible to long-term damage than those of adults. “Air pollution is stunting our children’s brains, affecting their health in more ways than we suspected,” said Dr Maria Neira, WHO director of public health and the environment. The study found that 600,000 children die from acute lower respiratory infections caused by dirty air and 93% are exposed to one of the most damaging pollutants – PM2.5. In poorer countries, 98% of all children under five are exposed to PM2.5 above WHO guidelines. Pollution
Pollution: Government POSTnote Feb 2014National and European regulations have improved UK ambient air quality. However, current air pollution levels continue to harm human health and the environment. This POSTnote summarises the evidence for effects POSTnote 458 February 2014 Why has it taken so long to have the Defra Consultation - 4.5 years when most of the data is already known and published by HM Government????Pollution
Pollution: Defra Oslo Effect Consultation closes 28 Sept 2018 posted August 2018Your response is important, Trams in all its forms are significant in the fight for air quality as there is no pollution at the point of use with the highest modal switch to this form of public transport and has been one of our core aims for the last 25 years +. Defra, "We are seeking to build our evidence base to inform the development of policies to reduce particulate matter emissions from brake, tyre and road surface wear by road traffic. This Call for Evidence is aimed at stakeholders such as industry bodies, companies, environmental groups, consumer groups, academics and others who may have evidence in the specific areas we are considering. We are interested in all relevant evidence but respondents do not need to address every question if their evidence and/or expertise is relevant to only certain questions."Pollution
Pollution; A Mothers cry for Justice;August 2018"My beloved daughter Ella died in February 2013 - aged just nine years old. At the time we were told she died because of her asthma. But new evidence has come out linking her death to illegal levels of air pollution - so I’m calling for a new inquest into her death."Pollution
Pollution: House of Commons: Improving Air Quality Evidence 23 November 2017Environmental Audit Committee, Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee, Health Committee, Transport Committee Oral evidence: Improving Air Quality, HC 433 Thursday 23 November 2017 Ordered by the House of Commons to be published on 23 November 2017.Pollution
Pollution: Real Cost of Road Pollution Sept 2017 Air pollution doesn't just look and smell bad. It kills. And it costs megabucks. We all know that high blood pressure, smoking, high blood sugar, and cholesterol are big risk factors for premature death. But air pollution is right behind them — it's killer number five. Pollution
Pollution: How dangerous is road rubber? Sept 2017A busy road with 25,000 vehicles travelling on it each day will generate around nine kilograms of tyre dust per kilometre. Pollution
LR A Commuter pollution study: CARB USA August 2017Light rail commutes had the lowest average exposure per mile for all measured pollutants, and car trips experienced marginally higher per mile exposure, whereas train commutes with older diesel technologies experienced the largest exposure per mile of all of the motorized transportation commute modes. The study also offers advice for reducing exposure to air pollution during commute trips:Pollution
Pollution : TramForward is disappointed with Government 2 Aug 2017TramForward is disappointed with the recently announced Government air quality policy as it deals only with the reduction of nitrogen dioxide pollution from vehicle exhausts. Nitrogen dioxide is only part of the problem, particulate matter is also extremely damaging to health. While the proposed measures may well cut down particulate as well as nitrogen dioxide emissions, they will do nothing to tackle the other major source of particulate pollution, which is wear of tyres, brake linings and road surfaces. This has been dubbed the “Oslo effect” after the city where the problem was first identified.Pollution
Pollution:Air Quality at the Heart of Election Press Release All Party Parliamentary Light Rail Group April 2017“The quality of our air should be a political priority as it has a huge impact on the health of the nation. That is why we are calling on every party to have in their manifesto, a commitment to improving air quality. That is even more important now that we are going to see the Government’s defeat in Court before the election. They will have to defend their policy and parties can have a genuine debate about how to tackle such a large public health issue.” Pollution
Pollution: Client Earth Judgement 27 April 2017The UK Government has failed in its attempt to delay publication of its air quality plans until after the General Election. Mr Justice Garnham today ordered the government to produce the plans after the local elections on 9th May. The final plans must be produced by 31 July. Pollution
Pollution:Trams, the Urban Air Quality SolutionLight Rail systems offer an attractive and effective system, reducing congestion and pollution by offering motorists an alternative to car use, Manchester Metrolink registered a modal switch approaching 32%, helping to create pollution-free zones in cities (clear zones). Pollution
Pollution:Four Select Committees call for Air Quality EvidenceMP’s from four select committees have combined forces to launch an unprecedented joint inquiry on air quality to scrutinise cross-government plans to tackle urban pollution hotspots. The Environmental Audit Committee, Environment Food and Rural Affairs, Health, and Transport Committees will hold four evidence sessions to consider mounting scientific evidence on the health and environmental impacts of outdoor air pollution. Pollution
Pollution: LRTA warns of Pollution dangersThe Light Rail Transit Association notes the recent EU final warning and threat of heavy fines against five countries, including the UK, on air quality breaches. 1 This concerns Nitrogen dioxide emissions, which is largely from vehicle exhausts. However, a worrying source of equally harmful PM10 and PM2.5 pollutants has recently been identified. It has generally been assumed that most vehicle pollution comes from the tail pipe and by cleaning up engines or moving to electric vehicles that can be cut. 2 Research has shown that up to 90% of harmful PM2.5 and 85% of PM10A pollution come from non-exhaust sources such as tyre wear, road surface wear, and the brakes. This is known as the Oslo effect after the city where it was first noted 3. Unfortunately, electric vehicles can be up to 40% heavier so even more of these harmful particles are emitted from the tyres. Pollution
Pollution: Oslo Effect 2 2017Oslo Effect 2 How air pollution harms your health, (An update to the original Oslo Effect report of 1988) Pollution
Pollution:Dementia risk in Transport Corridors Jan 2017a new study tracking 6.6 million people estimates effect on one in 10 cases of Alzheimer’s while those living by busy roads are 12% more likely to be diagnosed with dementia Living near busy traffic may increase the likelihood of dementia, according to a new study Pollution


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